In India, and in other countries all over the world, Environment is getting deteriorated day by day at an alarming rate due to deforestation, over- gazing, greenhouse gases etc. With the increase in population and pollution, it is getting difficult to meet the demands of people without harming the environment. Therefore, it is time to take an action towards protecting our environment otherwise the human survival will be at stake.
What is Sustainable Development?
The World Commission on Environment and Development defines Sustainable Development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Sustainable Developments also refers to achieving social and economic development without exploiting and exhausting the country's natural resources. Human beings must not consume and take no more from nature than nature can replenish. Global warming, ozone depletion, toxic waste disposal, deforestation, air pollution, water pollution etc all indicate the urgent need for practicing sustainable development and maintaining a balance between development and environment changes. Government should make and implement the Environment laws to protect the resources. Environment education and environment awareness should be provided at all levels. The crisis is global and hence there is an urgent need to take an appropriate action.
What is Sustainable Agriculture?
With the rise in population, agriculture has been putting significant pressure on the environment and natural resources. To protect the environment from this pressure, the concept of Sustainable Agriculture has been introduced. Sustainable Agriculture focuses on producing crops and livestock while having minimal effect on the environment and at the same time maintaining and improving soil fertility. Sustainable Agriculture frequently encompasses conventional and organic production practices. Sustainable Agriculture seeks to increase income and profits of farmers, enhancing the quality of life for farmers and their families.
Methods of Sustainable Agriculture
There are many farming techniques that are used which makes agriculture sustainable.
Cover Crops – Some farmers choose to keep their field planted with crops all the time, never leaving it barren. Planting cover crops such as oats, the farmer can prevent soil erosion, and enhance the quality of soil. Cover crops also helps in reducing the use of various chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides.
Natural Pest Predators- Farms should be viewed as an ecosystem as opposed to a factory in order to maintain effective control over various pests. Many birds and animals are in fact natural predators of agricultural pests. Farms should be managed in such a way that populations of these pests can be harboured. Use of chemical pesticides can result in killing of pest predators.
Crop Rotation- Crop rotation is one of the most common and powerful techniques of sustainable agriculture. With the help of crop rotation, farmers can avoid the consequences that arises because of planting the same crops in the same soil for many years in a row. Crop rotation can break the reproduction cycle of pest and can help to tackle pest problems as pest prefers specific crops. Steady food supply to pests can increase their population. Hence crop rotation is must. Crop rotations also reduces the need for chemical fertilizers.
Soil Enrichment- Soil is the most important component of agricultural ecosystems. Healthy soil can often be killed by overuse of pesticides. It is necessary to maintain soil health as good soil can increase yields as well as creating more healthy crops. Leaving crop residue in the field after a harvest and the use of composted plant material are some of the examples which can help in soil enrichment.
Benefits of Sustainable Agriculture
Health Safety – Sustainable Agriculture does not use hazardous fertilizers and pesticides to produce fruits and vegetables. As a result, fresh fruits and vegetables free from harmful chemicals are available for consumers, workers and societies. Also, because of proper waste management, sustainable farmers are able to protect humans from toxic and hazardous pollutants.
Prevents Pollution – In Sustainable Agriculture, any waste produced by the farms remains in the farms ecosystems which prevents waste from causing any kind of pollution.
Equality- Farmers are treated with humanity and socially equal by practicing sustainable agriculture techniques as they are provided with benefits under various government schemes for their welfare like improved and safe working environment, better salary and wages, fair price for their produce, adequate living conditions.
Environmental Conservation- Environment plays a significant role in satisfying our basic necessities of life. It is along these lines our obligation to return a portion of these things back with the goal that our future generation may not remain deprived. Sustainable Agriculture helps in returning a portion of these things back to nature. This renews land and other resources like soil, water, and air to make them adequately accessible for the coming generation.
Economically Beneficial for Farmers- By engaging in Sustainable Agriculture, farmers are receiving fair and increased wages for their production. This has reduced farmers dependency on government subsidies, thereby strengthening the rural communities.
Farm Living and Sustainable Agriculture
Farm living is the best and the only way to enjoy the benefits Sustainable Agriculture. Methods of Sustainable Agriculture can only be adopted by the people living on farms. One cannot enjoy the benefits of Sustainable Agriculture while living in cities. Farm Living along with Sustainable Agriculture could help individuals and their families to become self-sufficient by helping them in producing their own crops and livestock while at the same time contributing towards environment conservation and protection.
With increasing awareness among people to protect natural resources for the sake of future generations, subsidies and various benefits are offered by government, individuals are slowly shifting towards Farm Living. You can also be a part of Farm Living and Sustainable Agriculture and contribute towards protecting our nature and environment for future generations.
Many farm plots are on sale. If you are interested, do not hesitate to contact us here. We will help you to choose the best farm that suit your needs.